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Palladio's Life and World:
A Timeline

 
Palladio and his Career
Year
Related Publications and Events

Poggio Bracciolini
Jean-Jacques Boissard: Poggio Bracciolini

1414
Poggio Bracciolini discovers at the monastic library of St. Galen in Switzerland a medieval manuscript copy of De architectura, a treatise written by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the first century A.D.
Leon Battista Alberti
Leon Battista Alberti
1452
Leon Battista Alberti, De re aedificatoria [Ten books on architecture] (Florence), published posthumously.
 
1483
Vitruvius, De architectura libri decem [Ten books on architecture] (Rome: Fra Giovanni Sulpitius, 1st printed ed.).
 Andrea di Pietro dalla Gondola [Andrea, son of Pietro of the gondola], later to be known as Andrea Palladio, is born in Padua on 30 November, St. Andrea's Day.  His godfather is Vincenzo Grandi, a Vicenza sculptor who also worked in Padua.
1508
Andrea Palladio
Andrea Palladio
 
1511
Vitruvius, De architectura, (Venice: 1st illustrated ed.).  Edited by Fra Giovanni Giocondo, who probably supplied the illustrations..
Andrea is apprenticed to Bartolomeo Cavazza, a stonecutter in Padua.
1521
Vitruvius, De architectura (Como: 1st Italian ed.).  Translation and commentary primarily by Cesare Cesariano.
 Andrea breaks his apprenticeship contract and moves to Vicenza to join his family, which has moved there. Cavazza brings him back to Padua.
1523
 
 Andrea parts with Cavazza and enrolls in Vicenza guild of stonemasons. He trains under Giovanni da Porlezza, an architect-builder, and Girolamo Pittoni, a sculptor, who together own the Pedemuro workshop.
1524 
Alvise Cornaro constructs in the courtyard of his palace in Padua a loggia designed by Giovanni Maria Falconetto in the all'antica style.
 
Giangiorgio Trissino
Vincenzo Catena: Giangiorgio Trissino
1527
Rome is sacked by forces of the Holy Roman Emperor.  Several prominent figures relocate from Rome to the Veneto, including sculptor-architect Jacopo Sansovino to Venice; architect Micheli Sanmicheli to Verona and Venice, architect-writer Sebastiano Serlio to Venice, and literary figure Giangiorgio Trissino to Vicenza.
 
1531
The Pedemuro workshop, commissioned by Francesco Godi, erects a portal with classical elements for the church of Santa Maria dei Servi, near the central piazza of Vicenza.
 Andrea marries Allegradonna, the daughter of a carpenter.  Her dowry is provided by Angela Poiana, a Venetian noblewoman in whose household she served.  They will have five children:  Leonida (an architect who worked with his father), Marc'antonio (who worked with the sculptor Alessandro Vittoria in Venice), Orazio (who studied law in Padua), Zenobia (wife of a goldsmith in Vicenza) and Silla (who, as secretary of the Accademia Olimpico, supervised completion of the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza, after his father's death).
1534
 
 The Pedemuro workshop executes the high altar of the cathedral of Vicenza, with a combination of classical and Venetian elements, possibly to Palladio's design.
1534-1536
 
The Pedemuro workshop installs a classical doorway, probably to Palladio's design, for the Domus Comestabilis in Vicenza, leading from the Basilica to the residence of the Venetian podestà [governor].
1536
 
 Andrea probably meets Giangiorgio Trissino for the first time while the Pedemuro workshop is working on Trissiono's villa at Cricoli.
1536-1537
Giangiorgio Trissino rebuilds his villa in Cricoli, outside Vicenza, afterSebastiano Serlio's drawing of an alternative garden façade which Rafael had designed for Villa Madama in Rome.
Andrea leaves the Pedemuro workshop but receives through them his first major commission, to design Villa Godi in Lonedo di Lugo.
1537
Sebastiano Serlio, General rules on architecture [Fourth Book on architecture] (Venice).  The first volume published in a projected series of seven.
 
1538
Jacopo Sansovino works on the upper gallery of the cathedral in Vicenza.

 Andrea moves temporarily to Padua with Giangiorgio Trissino.  While there he meets Alvise Cornaro, likely sees in construction the Bastion Cornaro designed by Michele Sanmicheli, and may meet his future patrons Giorgio Cornaro and Daniele Barbaro, who are both present there at that time. 

Andrea returns briefly from Padua to Vicenza in February 1539 to attend a theatrical performance staged in a wooden theater designed by Sebastiano Serlio for the courtyard of Palazzo Colleoni Porto, which influenced the subsequent founding of the Accademia Olimpica.

1538-1540
Serlio: Theater plan and elevation
 Andrea for the first time appears in some documents as 'Palladio' and begins to use the title architect.
1540 
Sebastiano Serlio, Delle Antichità [Third book on architecture] (Venice).
Palladio designs Palazzo Civena in Vicenza.
  Torello Sarayna, De origine et amplitudine civitatis Veronae (Venice), a book on Verona antiquities.
Palladio visits Rome for the first time, from early in the year until autumn, accompanied by Giangiorgio Trissino.
1541
Serlio moves to Fountainbleau as a consultant to the French king.

Palladio designs Villa Valmarana at Vigardolo

   
Palladio designs Villa Gazzotti in Marcello Curti in Bertisima with his first templ- style pediment.
  Villa Gazzotti
Villa Gazzotti
 
1541-1542
Michele Sanmicheli visits Vicenza for consultation on the Basilica, staying with Giovanni da Porlezza of the Pedemuro workshop.

Palladio designs Villa Pisani at Bagnolo, his first commission for a patrician family of Venice.

1542
 
Giulio Romano
Titian: Giulio Romano
  Giulio Romano visits Vicenza as a paid consultant for the Palazzo della Ragione (Basilica) project.
Palladio begins designing Palazzo Porto in Vicenza.
   
Palladio performs his first public commission as Vicenza's city architect.   With support from Giangiorgio Trissino, Palladio constructs a temporary architectural stage set with triumphal arches and pediments in the all'antica style to celebrate the arrival into Vicenza of Cardinal Bishop Niccolò Ridolfi.
1543
 
 Palladio visits Rome for the second time, from September until February of following year, accompanied by Giangiorgio Trissino.
   
Palladio begins designing Palazzo da Porto Festa.
c1545
 Palazzo da Porto Festa
Palazzo da Porto Festa (detail)

Palladio and Giovanni da Porlezza of the Pedemuro workshop submit a proposal forthe Basilica loggia project.

Palladio visits Rome for the third time, from March until July of following year, accompanied by Giangiorgio Trissino. While there he may have designed the ciborium in the church of Santo Spirito in Sassia.

1546
Leon Battista Alberti, Ten books on architecture, 1st Italian ed. (Venice).
Upon Giulio Romano's death, Palladio assumes supervision of the construction of Palazzo
Thiene
, which was begun in 1542, and modifies some of Romano's design for it; construction is suspended before completion.
   
Palladio travels to Albano, Tivoli and Palestrina.
1547
 
Palladio designs Villa Caldogno.
c1548
 
Palladio designs Villa Saraceno in Finale and Villa Poiana in Poiana Maggiore.
1548-1549
 
Palladio is commissioned to construct the loggias of Vicenza's Palazzo della Ragione, known as the Basilica.
1549
 
 Palladio visits Rome for the fourth time, possibly to advise on St. Peter's Basilica. He probably views Sangallo the Younger's recent
giant model of it.
   
Palladio designs a bridge spanning the Cismon River at Bassano del Grappa.
1550
Bridge, Bassano del Grappa
Bridge over the Cismon River, Bassano del Grappa (reproduction)

John Shute travels to Italy, upon commission by the Duke of Cumberland, to research architecture.

 
 
Giangiorgio Trissino dies.
Palladio begins designing Villa Cornaro in Piombino Dese (his second villa for a Venetian patrician), Villa Pisani in Montagnana, Palazzo Chiericati in Vicenza, and Palazzo della Torre in Verona.
1551

 Villa Cornaro-Gable
Villa Cornaro, Piombino Dese

Palladio unsuccessfully seeks appointment as proto, chief architect, of the Salt Magistracy in Venice.

1554
 
Palladio visits Rome for the fifth time, accompanied by [Pirro?] Ligorio and Daniele Barbaro. He probably writes his two guidebooks on this trip, L’antichità di Roma between February and July and Descrizione delle chiese di Roma thereafter.
   
Palladio participates in first Rialto Bridge project. 
   
  Pietro Cateneo of Siena, I quattro primi libri d architettura (Venice)
Palladio designs Villa Mocenigo at Dolo and Villa Chiericati at Vancimuglio (his first villa with a 'Greek temple-front' motif) .
   Villa Chiericati
Villa Chiericati, Vancimuglio
 Anton Francesco Doni in his Seconda Libraria mentions that Palladio has drafted an architectural treatise: 'The book is untitled, but from what one can learn from it, [it] could be called 'the norms of true architecture.'
1555
 

Palladio submits a model for a stairway at the Doge's Palace in Venice.

   
Palladio and others submit plans for replacing the Rialto Bridge. 
   
Palladio designs Villa Badoer in Fratta Polesina.
  Villa Badoer
Villa Badoer, Fratta Polesine
Palladio designs Palazzo Antonini in Udine.
c1555
 
Palladio designs the Arco Bollani, an arched gateway in Udine.
1556
Arco Bollani
Arco Bollani, Udine

 Palladio joins in founding the Accademia Olimpico in Vicenza.

   

 Daniele Barbaro confirms Doni's description of Palladio's text and adds that Palladio has included drawings and comments on the structures he had planned and built.

   
 Palladio supplies illustrations for Daniele Barbaro's Italian language edition of Vitruvius (and the Latin edition in the following year).
  Barbaro's Vitruvius
 Giorgio Vasari probably views Palladio's original manuscript during his visit to Venice. He uses it freely in writing Palladio's profile in his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architect.
   
Palladio designs Villa Barbaro in Maser, incorporating remnants of an earlier structure, and Villa Repeta in Campiglia.
  Villa Barbaro
Villa Barbaro, Maser

Palladio designs Villa Foscari (La Malcontenta) on the Brenta and Villa Zen in Cessalto.

1558
 Villa Foscari (La Malcontenta)
Villa Foscari (La Malcontenta)
Palladio designs a façade for the Church of San Pietro in Castello, the patriarchal cathedral of Venice.
   

 Palladio receives his first commission for a work in Venice: completion of the refectory for the Benedictine monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore.

1560
 
Palladio designs Villa Emo in Fanzolo.
  Villa Emo
Villa Emo, Fanzolo
Palladio designs a façade for Palazzo Schio in the Ponte Pusterla section of Vicenza.
   

Palladio designs the convent of Santa Maria della Carità in Venice

Palladio designs the first of his three temporary theaters, with others following in 1562 and 1565.

1561
 
1562
Giacomo Barozzi Vignola, La regola delli cinque ordini dell' architettura (Rome).
Palladio designs a façade for church of San Francesco della Vigna in Venice. 
   
Palladio designs Villa Valmarana at Lisiera.
1563
 
  John Shute, First & chief groundes of architecture (London).

Palladio submits unsuccessful design for second Rialto Bridge competition in Venice.

1565
 
Palladio designs the rebuilding of the church of Santa Lucia in Venice.
   
Palladio designs the church of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice.
   
Palladio designs Villa Sarego at Santa Sofia.
   
Palladio designs Palazzo Valmarana in Vicenza.
   
Palladio travels to Turin at the invitation of Emanuele Philiberto, Duke of Savoy, who had moved his capital there four years earlier and launched a series of building projects.
1566
 
Palladio designs Villa Almerigo [La Rotonda] near Vicenza.
c1566
 Villa Almerigo [La Rotonda]
Villa Almerigo (La Rotonda), Vicenza
Palladio critiques a model created by Lodovico Beretta for a proposed new cathedral in Brescia.
1567
Pietro Cateneo, L'architettura di Pietro Cataneo Senese (Venice).
Palladio designs Palazzo Barbaran da Porto in Vicenza.
1570
 
At the request of Martino Bassi, Palladio and others comment on a design controversy involving Milan Cathedral.
   

  Palladio publishes I quattro libri dell'architettura [Four Books on Architecture] (Venice: Domenico de' Franceschi).

 
 Later Italian editions of I quattro libri published in 1581, 1601, 1616, 1642, 1711 (with L'Antichità di Roma), 1740-48 (G. Fossati ed. with Muttoni annotations), 1768 (reprinted 1780), 1769 (Fossati-Muttoni), 1791 (Books 1-3 only), 1800 (Fossati- Muttoni), 1945 (reprinted 1951, 1968, 1976, 1980), 1979, 1980 and 1992.
   
 Palladio moves to Venice.
   

Palladio designs Loggia del Capitaniato in Vicenza.

1571
 Loggia del Capitaniato
Loggia del Capitaniato, Vicenza
Palladio designs Palazzo Porto Breganze in Vicenza.
   

Palladio's sons Leonida and Orazio die. 

Palladio unsuccessively proposes a design for the façade of the church of San Petronio in Bologna.

1572
 
    El Greco paints (probably) Palladio's portrait, now in Royal Museum in Copenhagen. (Another apparent portrait of Palladio, attributed to Magagno, is now owned by the Valmarana family).
    Silvio Belli, Treatise on proportion (Venice).
Palladio designs a temporary triumphal arch and loggia for the Lido to welcome Henry III, king of France, on his state visit to Venice.
1574
 
 Palladio publishes I commentari di C. Giulio Cesare (Venice).
1574-1575
 
 
1575
The second great plague epidemic attacks Venice.

c1575
Alessandro Farnese transcribes a series of drawings from Palladio's I quattro libri.

Palladio plans church of Il Redentore [the Redeemer] in Venice.

1576
 Il Redentore [the Redeemer]
Il Redentore, Venice
Palladio (prob.) designs Valmarana Chapel in the Church of Santa Corona.
   
 Palladio consults on restoring/rebuilding the Doge's Palace in Venice after the fire in 1577.
1577
 

 Palladio proposes additional designs for the façade of San Petronio in Bologna.

Palladio prepares 43 illustrations for a new edition of Polybius' History. Palladio addresses letter of dedicaton to Francesco de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, but the book is never published.

1578
 

Palladio designs the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza.

1580
.Teatro Olimpico
Teatro Olimpico, Vicenza
Palladio designs the Tempietto for Villa Barbaro at Maser.
   
Palladio dies at Maser August 19.
  Andrea Palladio Funeral Monument
Giuseppe de Fabris: Funeral monument of Andrea Palladio (1845)
 Palladio's surviving sons, Marc'Antonio and Silla, work to complete an expanded edition of I quattro libri dell'architettura with a fifth part which Palladio himself had begun, but the project is never finished.
1581
 

 

Bibliography
Guido Beltramini and Howard Burns, editors, Palladio (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2008);
Bruce Boucher, Andrea Palladio: The Architect in his Time (New York: Abbeville Press, 1994); Tracy Cooper, Palladio's Venice: Architecture and Society in a Renaissance Republic (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005); Branko Mitrovic, Learning from Palladio (New York: Norton, 2004); Andrea Palladio, The Four Books on Architecture, translated by Robert Tavernor and Richard Schofield (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997); Lionello Puppi, translated by Joyce Vassallo Storey, "Palladio, Palladianism and Palladianists 1570-1730," in Mario di Valmarana, ed., Building by the Book I (Palladian Studies in America series), (Charlottesville: Center for Palladian Studies in America, 1984), pp. 5-24.


2009, 2012 Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc. / C. I. G.